Welcome to adaptations week. This week we'll be looking at what adaptations are, why creatures have them and how they relate back to habitats which we covered last week.

The first species we'll talk about is the puffin! Puffins have special adaptations on their beaks to help them manage their favourite food, sand eels. They have a rough tongue and roof of their mouth so they can keep catching fish without losing the ones already in their beak and enabling them to go on long trips - the record is 60 fish!

                         Puffins on Burhou


Puffins can also hold their breath for a long time, meaning they can dive for a long time at great depths as they hunt and chase fish. Their ribs can be compressed as they dive, reducing pressure in their bodies.

If you have been watching the cameras you might have noticed that on land the puffins are not very graceful birds. This is becuase apart from the breeding season March-July puffins have no need to go on to land, meaning they are not adapted to life there! Can you think of any features of a puffin which makes life on the islet more difficult than at sea?

What isyour favouite animal?Think of some adaptations that would make lifesytle easier